Yes, from time to time cats get sick. They just like us, humans, have problems from time to time, some times they will have accidents, or other behavioral problems and many owners will ask for guidance on how to address the issue. One of the most common issues that owners will have is cat health issues. These issues range anywhere from fleas to worms and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) to cancer. This article will address health issues with cats primarily but will touch on a few FIV related topics as well.
What are the most common health concerns with cats? Well there are a number of them but some of the more common include urinary tract infections, urinary stones, urinary incontinence and dehydration. The number of different diseases that affect felines is surprising considering how long cats have been domesticated. They have coexisted with man for thousands of years, so it comes as no surprise that they can be infected with disease.
What are some of the common health issues with cats that can be attributed to dietary and environmental issues? Well there are several but the main ones include heartworms, hypocalcemia, parasites and bacterial infections. Heartworms are a problem that affects both male and female cats at approximately the same age. Cats with heartworms will have their livers collapse and may die if the disease is not treated. Cats with heartworms should be monitored and treated by a veterinarian if diagnosed.
Common Cat Health Issues
Cats can also be diagnosed with osteoarthritis and sacroiliac joint fractures. Osteoarthritis in cats can affect one or both joints and sacroiliac arthritis affects the joints in both feet. It is important that if you notice any unusual changes with your cat that you take it to the vet immediately. Small stones can be developed in either of these areas and the presence of these stones could indicate other problems which could require veterinary treatment.
Parasites such as fleas and ticks can be a problem for cats. Although they do not typically cause ill effects they can be a nuisance. Cats that come into contact with ticks or fleas will usually scratch the areas that have them and in some cases the infection caused by the tick or flea can be serious. You might notice blood on your cat’s stool or in its urine. If you notice these signs you should take your cat to a vet immediately. In some severe cases the parasite can cause the death of the cat.
A more common condition in cats is kidney disease. Some symptoms include appetite loss, vomiting, decreased body weight and dull coat condition. Cats can be diagnosed with kidney disease if they exhibit one or more of the following symptoms: constant vomiting, frequent urination, dehydration, a decreased amount of urine output, an abdomen that appears red and is bumpy, dehydration and a loss of appetite. Cats that are diagnosed with kidney disease are typically prescribed dialysis.
Other health problems in cats include urinary tract infections, urinary tract blockages and urinary infections. The most common cause of these infections in cats is through bacteria known as urocanic bacteria. This bacteria can be found in the wet areas of the house such as the litter box, cat bedding, and the bathroom floors. In most cases the infection occurs when a cat accidentally uses its paw to wipe itself on the area where the bacteria was living. In other cases, foreign objects such as hair, toys, and pieces of glass and metals can cause urinary tract infections.
It is important that you take your cat to the vet for regular checkups. Your vet will do a physical examination and review the current health of your cat. They will also be able to give you helpful information about how to keep your cat healthy by offering various tips and suggestions. By keeping an eye on your cats’ health you will be helping to prevent any future illnesses or medical issues.